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Phragmites australis

Common Reed, Cane Grass

Species Description

This link will give you an image of the species as a mature plant, as well as flower, fruit and seed description.

Species description

Cultivation and Uses

This link will give you information about climate parameters, tolerance of climate extremes and adverse soils, biological traits under cultivation, soil factors, uses and potentially undesirable attributes.

Cultivation and uses

Plant Growing Stages


2 Months

4 Months

6 Months


Seed Description

Seed Pre-Treatment


Surface sow, cover lightly with gravel.


Capillary watering


Germination usually occurs within 1-2 weeks.
Requires light and warmth for germination. Viability of some seed lots may be low. Seed should be extracted from seedheads before sowing.

Pests and Disease
When to Sow Seeds / Temperature to Sow

Late Spring-Summer

Seed Collection Timeframe

April - Early July

Storage and Ripening

Has an after-ripening period of several months.

Grows from Cuttings